Guest Blog: AJ Hartley connects the barbaric concepts in Cathedrals of Glass

Posted by Tess Passero on

The Concept: Alien meets Lord of the Flies

by AJ Hartley

When I’m working on a book, I like to come up with a pithy summary that encapsulates the heart of the story, partly because it makes an instant pitch for potential readers (or publishers), and partly because it helps me keep a core idea in mind as I work. Planet of Blood and Ice, the first Cathedrals of Glass book, came to live in between two of my favorite pieces of art, Nobel Prize winner William Golding’s 1954 novel, Lord of the Flies, and Ridley Scott’s 1979 scifi classic movie, Alien.

            The two are closely related. Both involve a small group of people cut off from the world they have grown up in, a group which then improvises its way through a series of survival puzzles and crises which tear the group apart. In the Alien movie, the danger comes mostly from outside in the form of a bizarre, shape shifting creature which seeks to wipe out the crew of the isolated space ship. In Lord of the Flies, the threat is mostly internal, the group of boys turning viciously against each other as they give over to primal urges in the absence of any kind of law or relevant code of behavior. The film is a study in suspense and horror—and features one of the most alarming scenes in movie history when the creature bursts from the chest of the late John Hurt—relying on showing as little as possible of the mysterious alien until the very end, but is also a testament to courage, survival and sacrifice. So is Lord of the Flies, though its concentration is more lyric and cerebral, focusing on how easily the trappings of civilization fall away, revealing not just an inherent barbarism in the boys, but a culture of bullying and intimidation which is actually ingrained in the very civilization which shaped them before they ever reached the island.

            Both stories dodge what might have been schlocky melodrama with finely drawn characters and environments which feel entirely real. Golding’s novel might have turned into abstraction and lecture were it not for the detail of the island itself and the carefully developed sense of the boys and their relationships, particularly the hero, Ralph, Simon (the mystic), Piggy (timid, overweight and bookish) and Jack (your common or garden bully revealed as a psychotic by the circumstances). The Nostromo, the ship which is the heart of Alien, is quite unlike the sleek space vessels that dominate science fiction, feeling more like a second world war submarine, basic, dirty and utilitarian. That environment is mirrored in the (marvelously acted) ship’s crew who bicker over performance bonuses and job assignments, and who move around the vessel like workers, bored, cramped and keen to get home.

            In the first Cathedrals of Glass book, I wanted to combine key elements of these two works, particularly the sense of isolation, increasing hostility amongst the survivors and the purveying tension around a very basic question: what is going on here? For Golding that question is profound and gets to the heart of what it is to be a civilized human being, while in Alien, the questions are more insistently practical: what is this creature, how do we kill it and why were we here in the first place? Similar questions dominate Cathedrals, which takes the young people of Flies and puts them in an environment like that of Alien, forcing the issue of how to survive, first simply in a hostile environment, second when it becomes clear that they are not alone. What the book tries to do then, is blend the internal danger of Flies with the external danger of Alien: the monster is crucially outside and inside the characters. The core questions of both previous works then inform Cathedrals too: what is going on here, how do we survive it, what do we learn about ourselves in the process, and finally—and most problematically—who is the real enemy?

            Of course, this is all very intellectual, distant from the meat of the story itself, which progresses not by ideas but by watching actual people wrestle with concrete problems, by teasing the reader with an unsettling mystery or two and, hopefully, by scaring the crap out of them along the way…

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  • Weight loss to a healthy weight for a person’s height can promote health benefits. These include lower cholesterol and blood sugar levels, lower blood pressure, less stress on bones and joints, and less work for the heart. It is vital to maintain weight loss to obtain health benefits over a lifetime. Keeping extra weight off takes effort and commitment, just as losing weight does. Weight loss goals are reached by a combination of changes in diet, eating habits, and exercise. TruKeto
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  • Weight loss is a decrease in body weight resulting from either voluntary (diet, exercise) or involuntary (illness) circumstances. Most instances of weight loss arise due to the loss of body fat, but in cases of extreme or severe weight loss, protein and other substances in the body can also be depleted. Examples of involuntary weight loss include the weight loss associated with cancer, malabsorption (such as from chronic diarrheal illnesses ), and chronic inflammation (such as with rheumatoid arthritis). Adimin
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  • A “typical” ketogenic diet consists of at least 70 percent of calories derived from fat, less than 10 percent from carbs and less than 20 percent from protein. The ketogenic diet, long used to treat epilepsy in children, calls for 90 percent of daily calories to come from fat, with the amount of protein or carbs varying as long as it’s 4 grams of fat for every combined 1 gram of carb and protein, according to the American Epilepsy Society. That can mean chowing down on a lot of cheese, butter, eggs, nuts, salmon, bacon, olive oil and non-starchy vegetables such as broccoli, cauliflower, greens and spinach.
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  • Whether spending a day at the beach or running errands, sun protection is essential. You can protect your skin by seeking shade, covering up with sun-protective clothing such as a lightweight and long-sleeved shirt, pants, a wide-brimmed hat, and sunglasses with UV protection and using sunscreen that is broad-spectrum, SPF 30 (or higher), and water-resistant. You should apply sunscreen every day to all skin that is not covered by clothing. For more effective protection, look for clothing with an ultraviolet protection factor (UPF) label.
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  • Ultimately, you need to pick a healthy eating plan you can stick to, Stewart says. The benefit of a low-carb approach is that it simply involves learning better food choices no calorie-counting is necessary. In general, a low-carb way of eating shifts your intake away from problem foods those high in carbs and sugar and without much fiber, like bread, bagels and sodas and toward high-fiber or high-protein choices, like vegetables, beans and healthy meats.
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  • The Keto diet plan is a very low carb, high fat diet. In fact, this diet shares similarities to the Atkins diet. The Keto diet plan includes severely reducing your intake of carbohydrates and increasing the intake of fat. This reduction in carbohydrates puts your body into a metabolic state called ketosis where the diet gets its name from. When your body is in the state of ketosis, it is better to burn fat for energy. It also turns fat into ketones in the liver, which can supply energy to the brain.
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  • CBD oil is the second most prevalent active ingredient of cannabis, or marijuana. However, the CBD oil sold in stores is derived directly from the hemp plant, a cousin of the marijuana plant. Although there is not much hereditary difference between cannabis and hemp, the plants’ flowers and leaves contain different amounts of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the cannabinoid responsible for getting “high.”
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  • It can be challenging to serve healthy meals when you’re trying to save money. Consider serving budget-friendly meatless meals once or twice a week. Meatless meals are built around beans, lentils, vegetables and whole grains. These plant-based proteins tend to be less expensive and offer more health benefits than meat.
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  • CBD oil may treat pain, lower anxiety, and stimulate appetite the same way that marijuana does, but without affecting your mental state. CBD might also help treat some types of seizures.
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  • Generally speaking, antifungal drugs can work in two ways: by directly killing fungal cells or by preventing fungal cells from growing and thriving. But how do they do this? Antifungal drugs target structures or functions that are necessary in fungal cells but not in human cells, so they can fight a fungal infection without damaging your body’s cells. Two structures that are commonly targeted are the fungal cell membrane and the fungal cell wall. Both of these structures surround and protect the fungal cell. When either one becomes compromised, the fungal cell can burst open and die.
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